When a civilian peace-seeker lodges a formal noise complaint with his local authority he
is actually seeking the distress-relieving intervention of that state authority in
preference to securing it for himself, in his own way.

In return for that orderly step that state authority is then obliged to investigate the
complaint and restore peace if the complaint has legitimacy.

Because the complainant has relinquished his primitive right to secure peace for himself,
in his own way, he has effectively authorised the state to take the leading role in the

It is therefore the state which has the responsibility of securing the evidence in support
of ITS allegations.

The complainant has the moral obligation of supporting that state authority in its efforts
and this usually occurs through his provision of sworn declarations, and if necessary, his
sworn testimony in court. Video-taped images may be produced that purport to display
ongoing offences but the integrity of these can often be readily shot down by the
offender's legal representative.

The responsibility for securing a conviction rests with the state authority. If it succeeds
then the offender pays the penalty in whole or partial restitution to the state for its
expenses. If it fails then the state bears the cost, not the complainant.

Because the matter has, by consent, become a state matter, the state has the PRIME
responsibility for gathering the evidence in support of ITS OWN prosecution. The state's
case will fail or succeed on the merits of that evidence.

It is therefore up to the state to secure that evidence for itself, in its own way.